Celebrating our 3rd Annual Women’s Beer Release

This is our 3rd year of pulling together with other local women in the brewing industry to collaborate on a recipe and brew on International Women’s Day. Every year our numbers grow, this year we had 11 women brewing a hopped up American Pale Ale at The Phoenix Brewing Company in Mansfield, OH.

 

What is International Women’s Collaboration Brew Day?

Women in breweries around the global collaborate and brew on the same day each year. The brew day is aligned to a theme which many breweries use for recipe inspiration. A portion of each beer sold is donated to the Pink Boots Society, which is attributed to a scholarship fund for women to pursue further brewing education.

 IWCBD 2018

This year a unique hop blend was the unifying theme. Palisade, Simcoe, Mosaic, Citra and Loral hops. The result? New E.R.A (Equal Rights Amendment) American Pale Ale. Recipe written and brewed in collaboration with the Ohio Craft Brewers’ Association, Drink Up Columbus, Lineage Brewing, Weasel Boy Brewing, North High Brewing, Phoenix Brewing Co., Commonhouse Ales, and Multiple Brewing.

 

IWCBD 2017

2017’s brew theme was brew local. A grissette was developed using local malt and native ingredients like spicebush berry and paw paw fruit.

 

IWCBD 2016

Lineage Lovebirds and Love Stories

Lineage Love Stories

photo by Allison Ewing Photography

We started to see a trend early on, a good number of couples coming in for first dates, whether that be on Thursday, Friday or Saturday nights or an early afternoon casual meet up on weekends. We started to wonder….are we the First Date Place? Maybe it’s our casual and unintimidating ambiance, our lack of TVs that creates a more conversational atmosphere, or that we come with an easy conversation starter—beer… who doesn’t like to try beers and talk about them? BAM! immediate icebreaker. Then we found out that some of these first dates had actually turned into a bit more and so we asked our customers to tell us their stories. As Valentine’s Day approaches we are starting to feel a bit mushy and we thought we’d share some of these genuine Lineage Lovebird Stories with you.

From First Date to Family

Angie & TJ

photo by Kelli Van Wasshenova Photography

How did you meet?

Tinder

Why are you a Lineage Lovebird? 

Lineage holds a special spot in our hearts- it was where we had our very first date! It had just opened so I chose Lineage to impress TJ and seem like I was up on the scene. (I also wanted a place close to my house in Clintonville just in case he ended up being a creep). Lineage was the perfect spot because it took the pressure off and we were able to be ourselves right at the jump. Three years later, we now have a house and a beautiful 6 month old daughter together.

What advice would you give to others still looking for their special someone?

Don’t be afraid to take risks. Oh, and in the words of Rupaul, “If you can’t love yourself, how the hell are you gonna love somebody else.” Can I get an “Amen?”

Local Beer Lovers

Tom & Erin

photo by Allison Ewing Photography

How did you meet?

We met through a group of mutual friends- we eventually first hit it off on a night out with lots of friends, music and beer! I guess you could say that enjoying good beer together has always been a big part of our relationship.

Why are you a Lineage Lovebird? 

Our first apartment together was at Olentangy Village, and we were so excited to have a brewery opening so close! We were even more excited when we got to try it and really loved the atmosphere and beer right off the bat. I was also in grad school for a lot of our first couple years of dating so running over to Lineage was often our quick break together where we could get out of the apartment and relax for a bit! We’ve since bought a house a little further away (still in Clintonville, but unfortunately not walkable anymore!), but Lineage is still our go-to meet up spot for us and our friends! We decided to have our engagement photos taken at Lineage and are now happily married. (Photos courtesy of Allison Ewing Photography)

What advice would you give to others still looking for their special someone?

We’d just say that someone really special can show up when you least expect it, and you should always be open because you never know who could be the perfect fit for you!

 

A Perfect Match

Jessica & Misti

photo by Jessica Miller Photography

How did you meet?

We met through the efforts of our peers who seemed to think we would be a good match. Our friends felt our personalities may fit well and the fact that we had a love of softball in common was enough for them to introduce us to see how things progressed. We spent a large portion of the weekend of July 4th, 2009 together including canoeing on the Scioto, playing in the Christopher Columbus Softball tournament at Lou Berliner Park, and watching Red, White, and Boom together. It was an amazing weekend that neither of us will forget. During the fireworks, I remember my heart racing as I sat next to Jess and hoped that she felt the same way. By the conclusion of the weekend we began dating and this past year I am happy to share that we got married!

Why are you a Lineage Lovebird? 

Lineage is on our short list of favorite breweries in Columbus. It continues to be one of our favorite breweries after visiting all of the breweries on the Columbus Ale Trail.

Lineage now holds a special place in our hearts as we made a stop there on our wedding day. Our time there allowed us to pause for some amazing moments with our friends on what was a fun, but hectic day. The staff made us feel more than welcome and the pictures taken highlight how much we enjoyed ourselves (and not to mention sampling some very good beer). (Wedding photos courtesy of Jessica Miller Photography).

What advice would you give to others still looking for their special someone?

This is always a difficult question to answer, what I would say is to remain patient. You will know it is the person for you when you cannot imagine spending the rest of your life without them being a part of it.  In my experience, this is the person you meet when you least expect it. I can say I never expected that my friends’ attempt at being a matchmaker would truly work out, but I can honestly say we couldn’t be more thankful to them for introducing us.

A Work Engagement

Chelsea & Matt

How did you meet?

We both worked at the same environmental consulting firm, but didn’t really know each other until we were sent in the field together. We spent 5 weeks in southeastern Ohio doing daily water sampling for a well pad spill and having dinner together every night. It was obvious that we both loved craft beer, good food, and trivia. We really hit it off, but when the job was over, we went back to our separate lives in Columbus. Fast forward to 7 months later, we both realized that we still liked each other’s company… even without getting paid for it! So, we decided to make our “official” first date the Columbus Winter Beer Fest (2015). We have been happy ever since!

Why are you a Lineage Lovebird? 

Lineage Brewing opened shortly after we started dating.  We were both new to the Clintonville area, so discovering that a craft brewery was opening within walking distance was amazing. Since our first time being there, Lineage is our go-to spot to have a beer (or four) and to meet up with friends. There is always a great atmosphere with incredible beer and food. It helps that the staff are so cool too! And to solidify Lineage in our history AND hearts, we got ENGAGED at the brewery this past July!

What advice would you give to others still looking for their special someone?

(Chelsea) Be patient and wait for someone you deserve. When you find that special someone, it should feel natural and unscripted. Love doesn’t have to be complicated. Get out there and find your best friend!

(Matt) Keep trying; I think you can find love anywhere. Get to know what the other person is passionate about and how they make you feel when you’re around them. You know that you have found the right person when you still smile every time that you see them.

 

Now that we’ve melted your hearts and made you thirsty at the same time, it’s time for us to get back to one of our loves, brewing the beer.

Stop into Lineage Brewing on Valentine’s Day and get a Date-Night Special.

2 handpies/sandwiches, 2 beers, and 1 dessert pie to share for $30.

 

Get to know Kimmy Gibbler

Kimmy Gibbler San Francisco Lager

Hola, fellow beer lover-inos! Nestled almost too comfortably in the Tanner home high on top of the San Francisco hills is me, Kimmy Gibbler! I am a sassy, outspoken San Francisco Lager also known as a California Common, but let me assure you I am anything but common.

I am an American West Coast original with an impeccably outrageously neon fashion sense, straight-D average grades and the best prom dance moves this side of the Mississippi. Some may say I clear rooms with my feet “aroma” but my best friend DJ would say that I have interesting toasty and caramel flavors showcasing rustic, traditional American hop characteristics (whoa baby!).

If you asked Duane, my main squeeze in high school, about me he would lovingly say, “whatever.” But what he really means is that I am delicious, lightly fruity, easy to drink and despite what Danny Tanner thinks, moderately malty with a pronounced hop bitterness. Deep down I know that the Tanners were “hoppy” that I spent way more time at their house than my own house. Jesse’s hair wasn’t going to make fun of itself!

Take a break from your full house and go out Gibbler style today. Bust in through the front door of Lineage Brewing without knocking, scream “KIMMY!” and try me out, buckaroo!

Available in the Lineage Brewing pub now!

San Francisco Lager

IBU  30

ABV  5.4%

This style originated in the San Francisco Bay area during the Gold Rush era. It is a refreshing easy drinking beer with a bready malt character and crisp American hops in the finish.

 

Sharing some Kimmy Gibbler with the real Kimmy Gibbler, Andrea Barber tags us on Instagram

Why Drink a Session Beer?

With last year’s alcohol limit change to Ohio law, we are seeing more and more beers with high ABV percentages. Having one too many of these strong beers can have some headed straight to bed! Now more than ever, there is a need for a lighter and more all-day friendly beer, cue the “session beer.” You can continue to knock several of these back in one sitting.
In the U.K, a session beer was defined as a beer that was no more than 4 percent ABV. In the U.S, where “the more the merrier” is the general attitude, the ABV goes up to 5 percent for session beer. What is ABV you ask? ABV stands for “alcohol by volume”, which is essentially how much alcohol content is in any given beverage. The higher the ABV, the heavier the body of the beer, which can be detected through taste and mouthfeel. Though a session beer is lighter in ABV, that doesn’t translate to lighter in flavor. Sessionable beer can range from a crisp pale Cream Ale to a dark rich English Mild.

Indulge in all kinds of sessionable beers this weekend at the Summer Session Beer Fest. Lineage will have Weekend at Bernice’s our Margarita Berliner Weisse and Spacefruit Prelaunch, Grapefruit IPA (which is actually more exactly classified as a Shandy). Lineage always has a session beer or two on tap in the pub, keep an eye out this fall for one of our favorites that will make a come-back, Silver Medal winning, The Utah, English Mild.
For more on what makes beer sessionable, check out the full article by our friends at eReplacementParts.com.


Source: eReplacementParts.com

Get to know Ole Willy McLane

Aye! Allow me to introduce you to Ole Willy McLane, the man, the myth, the malty Scottish legend. Pint-sized, dark and handsome, he was brewed with British malt and East Kent Goldings hops which provide a wee bit of hop flavor for an eclectic taste of the Scottish countryside. Sip a cold Ole Willy and you will be instantly transported to your happy place, which for Ole Willy is a chilly blizzard afternoon with unlimited college football on the tube and his miniature poodle, Belinda, lounging by his side.

We dub Ole Willy a +/- 80 Shilling style, named for the tax placed on him in the old country just because of his alcohol level. And because, well, he told us to do it and you don’t mess with Ole Willy McLane. Sit around ye old bar and you will hear legendary tales of Ole Willy flipping cars with a mere pinky finger and

Ole Willy McLane Scottish Ale

fighting an army of Scottish thugs by himself. And don’t you dare call him “ole” to his face, many a lad has gotten his front teeth knocked out from a swing from Ole Willy after the word slipped from their lips. Legend has it that Ole Willy even scuffled with Chuck Norris…and won.

But alas! There is a softer side of Ole Willy that most lads and lassies think is a mere myth, but it is most indeed the truth. Ole Willy’s hops and malt are nicely balanced with hints of rich chocolate and toffee notes, combining together for a tune as harmonic as a Scottish bagpipe symphony. Ole Willy enjoys long walks on the beach, candlelight dinners, and romantic comedies. His wit and charm have won over lassies from Scotland to South Dakota.

So, put on your finest kilt and hurry on over to Lineage and try a pint of our mighty Ole Willy McLane. Guaranteed to give you immeasurable strength, impeccable wit and legendary style…just like Ole Willy.

Ole Willy McLane is a +/- 80 Shilling Scottish Ale

ABV  5.4%

IBU  19

Available in the Lineage Brewing pub now!

Why the Hand Pies?

Lineage Brewing’s Food Vision

Why the hand pies?

I grew up making empanadas with my family and it turns out that you can pretty much put whatever tasty goods you want into an empanada. You can also find something similar in all kinds of cultures. They may have a different name for it, but goodies inside a pastry crust is the perfect concept and has been a tradition for people across the globe. You might know them as Pasties, Samosas, Empanadas, Panzerotti, or Hand pies. When you can put your food in one hand and your beer in the other, it just seemed like the perfect pairing.

We didn’t invent the hand pie but we brought the first savory hand pie to Clintonville and have endeavored to make it a culinary delicacy. Mimicry is the best flattery, and it seems that we’ve started a trend around Columbus. But at Lineage you won’t find flavors like this anywhere else – our kitchen staff use pastry as a canvas for all of the house made fillings and dipping sauces that align to the season. Some items that have hit our taste buds so far:  Indian inspired samosa, a delectable

Banh Mi Pie

Banh Mi Pie

duck confit, a meaty banh mi pork meatball, a cheesy spinach pie, a summery ratatouille, a pot roast pie, Indian spiced spinach paneer, reuben pie, goat cheddar cheese pie, chicken pot pie, a butternut squash pie, a chicken empanada with ajii, and a breakfast hand pie. Not to mention the dessert pies that cure your sweet tooth: pecan pie, lemon curd, banana nut with chocolate pudding. It’s hard to decide, so get a variety of two-handed pies to share and fill your belly. Check out our current food menu.

They are all made to order fresh out of the oven right in Lineage Brewing’s kitchen.
Nom-nom-nom….

Show your Irish Lineage

Finally, a day that we all can pretend to be Irish!

With St. Patrick’s Day just a few days away, we thought we would take the time to shine some light on two of our Irish style brews we will be pouring in honor of the day.

Loughran’s Irish Stout

First up is Loughran’s Dry Irish Stout.  Pronounced (lock-ran). This beer is a traditional dry Irish stout, it is roast forward with notes of coffee and a bit of toasted malt. This stout is only served on nitrogen, giving it a wonderful light and creamy mouthfeel.

The Irish stout is without a doubt the most popular Irish style beer.  Stouts are an off-shoot of the Porter family tree.  The word “stout” was first used in 1677 to refer to a stronger version of the Porter style.  The use of “stout” in the context of strength continued on through the 1800’s. 

The appearance of our dry stout is simply lovely.  The color is almost a jet black.  It is served on nitrogen, so after you have patiently waited for that perfect pour, it should have a beautifully fluffy tan head sitting at the top of your pint glass.

As for aromas, the Loughran’s stout is roast forward with notes of coffee coming from the roasted barely, and a bit of toasted malt. Dry stouts can have slight offerings of chocolate, cocoa, or very slight graininess present.

Rory’s Rayge

Next up is Rory’s Rayge our Irish Red Ale.  This beer is named after owners Mike and Jess Byrne’s beloved Whippet, Rory.  Also, local bicycle advocate Ray George. This Irish Red is a touch bigger than a traditional Irish Red Ale. Our take is full of toasted, biscuit flavors and notes of toffee in the finish for an all around well-balanced beer.

Traditionally, Irish red ales are red variations on typical English and Irish ales.  Surprisingly enough, Irish Red Ales have not had a huge impact in Ireland’s current beer market where Stouts, Porters and Lagers are more popular.  The Irish Red’s darker “cousin” the dry Irish Stout will continue to be the most popular amongst its family.

The appearance of Rory’s Rayge is probably much like you would anticipate, it’s amber to deep-reddish in color. Clean finish.  Easy drinking ale with a reddish hue.

Cask

Thursday’s Cask is going to be our blonde stout Oscura Obscura with cinnamon and vanilla, served on the beer engine.

Friday, March 17

So come on down to Lineage Friday 11am to 1am.  Wear your green.  Our kitchen will be open until 10 pm so be sure to grab yourself a Reuben hand pie, your favorite pint and an Irish Car Bomb. We’ll have live music outside from 4-5pm and then again from 6-9pm as part of Givin O’ the Green to the CRC.  You’re not going to want to miss this Irish fun!

Happy St. Patrick’s Day! Sláinte!

Proud to be Small Independent Craft Beer

It’s America, we know people like to celebrate BIG, but we want to take some time to celebrate SMALL independent craft beer. We are proud to be one of the small businesses locally owned by the people and faces you see working there every day. We call that being Independent Craft Beer.Lineage Brewing Independent Craft Beer

At Lineage Brewing, we are a team of 15 – no suits, no big investors. Our close knit Lineage team is like family. We are just 4 owners and we all live, work, and play in our Clintonville neighborhood. As owners of a small brewery in Columbus, OH, we also brew every batch of beer that hits your lips. This is our love and our craft. Staying small means we get to continue to do what we love and grow at our own pace.

Independent craft beer owners of Lineage Brewing

Lineage Brewing Owners

We are a 7 BBL brewpub, which means we can brew a lot of styles, the beer is always fresh, and we can see our customers’ reactions across the bar. People ask all the time, “Will you ever package”? Someday we might, but when the time is right.

We make all our food from scratch. We use fresh ingredients and develop all recipes with the same heart and soul that we put into our beer. We make everything to order and slow-baked to deliver unique comfort food that pairs well with beer.

Why are we so proud to be small and independent craft beer?

We love being involved in our community and neighborhood.

We know your name and you know ours.

We make what we are passionate about and what our customers want.

We like change. Change, for us, happens constantly. We don’t ask permission, we just make it happen.

Everyone has a voice. All team members provide input into what we do and how we do it every day.

We grow at our own pace and in ways that make us stronger.

There is a lot of BIG craft beer out there. Let’s celebrate SMALL beer too. Celebrate Independent Craft by looking for the Independent Craft Brewer Seal, as you do so, feel good that you are supporting your local businesses, culture, friends, community, craftsmen, neighbors, and city (local economic growth).

Learn more about the Independent Craft Brewer Seal.

Independently Owned.

Carefully Crafted.

…and staying Small and Beautiful since 2015

Not a SPORTSBALL fan? How about Books, Board games, and Banter

It’s that time of year…Sportsball season. It’s an exciting and fun time to support our Buckeyes and it does seem like the entire city turns scarlet and gray this time of year.

There are some of us that need to escape the crowds once in awhile though. We are in search for a slower pace and the company of good conversation. It is unfortunate to be sitting at the bar with a friend, and answer “What?, I’m sorry I was distracted by the 3 football games, and the 1997 movie classic, Anaconda, that is playing above the bar and I didn’t hear you.”

There are so many distractions in life these days. From the overstimulation of traffic and the mass crowds on High Street to the constant buzzing, dinging and the need to

Books and Battleship

Books and Battleship

document your life experiences on your smartphone. We all need some time to relax. It is Labor Day weekend, which means take a break. Take a break from the noise, the fast-paced bustle, and for some of us, Sportsball.

We are Buckeye fans, Crew fans, and Blue Jacket fans, too, but sometimes when you want to have a good beer you need your senses in tack. Lineage Brewing keeps the beer flowing but a chill atmosphere for books, board games, and banter. No flashing TV lights and Sportsball noise, just good beer and good fun.

Beer and Jenga

Beer and Jenga

For those Sportsball fans out there, we are still rooting for our teams and enjoy the celebration before the games and after. You can even get your Lineage Beer TO GO for your tailgates. Weekender Happy Hour is on Saturdays from 11am-2pm, get $12 growler fills. 

 

Cheers! And no matter what your affection, stay Ohio proud. O – H… I – O

Summer Belgian Beer Series (Trappist, Abbeys and Farmhouse, Oh My!)

It’s been a nice hot summer and we are introducing our Belgian beer style series. The series, which will roll out throughout the summer, began with Hall Pass, our Abbey Single, and now Nova Scuti, our Belgian Blonde. Still to come will be a Belgian Tripel and our Belgian Wit, Strunk and Witte.   

Belgian Beer

Belgian Beer

Uniquely Belgian

Belgium is a relatively small country that has created a diverse selection of beers. Take for example the following Belgium beer styles that have come out of Belgium.  There are Trappist Beers (Singles, Dubbels, Tripels), Abbey Beers (Blondes, Pales, Golden Strong Ales, Dark Strong Ales), Farmhouse Beers (Saisons, Grisettes) and Sour Beers (Lambics, Gueuzes, Flanders Reds, Oud Bruins). It’s a country where until recently brewers brewed to their region’s palates and, perhaps because of this regional focus, these varied styles have persisted.

Map of Belgium

Belgium Map

For this post,we are focusing on our Belgian Abbey/Trappist series along with a quick plug for the  Farmhouse/Wit beers we’ve done.  Let’s sit down on the grass, crack a growler of Hall Pass, and get down to business.  

So what are Trappist, Abbey and Farmhouse beers?

Abbey Style Ales

Trappist beers aren’t so much of a style as they are an AOC (appellation d’origine contrôlée aka controlled designation of origin).  Clear as mud, right?  Well, you know how Champagne can only be called Champagne if it comes from that region in France?  Same thing is true for Trappist beers, but Trappist beers must be brewed within the boundaries of a monastery. Up until recently, there were seven Trappist breweries: six are in Belgium and one is in the Netherlands. With the rising tide that is craft Belgium beer, we have seen four more open around the world. So what’s a brewery that’s not in a monastery to do when they make a Trappist-style ale?  Call it an Abbey style ale.

Abbey style ales are not a single style but a category of Belgium beer that is brewed by commercial breweries but share properties of Trappist beers.  Just to clarify, Trappist breweries can and do brew what were once considered Abbey-style beers like Blonde Ales and commercial breweries brew Trappist styles like tripels.  Confused yet?  

Farmhouse Ales

Our Belgian Summer series of beers all fall into the Abbey category, while our Saisons (Allumé and Ombre Noir) and our Wit (Strunk & Witte) fall into another category, the Farmhouse ale.

Generally when someone says “Farmhouse Ale,” what they probably mean is “Saison.”  I feel like Saison is a style that people like to put in a corner. (Nobody puts Saison in the corner!).  There’s really so much more to Saison than being straw colored and highly effervescent with spicy/citrus notes.  Saisons can be straw colored, amber hued, or black as night.  They can be citrusy and spicy, dark and spicy, or oddly fruity.  It’s not so much a style as it’s a catch-all. Enough on the styles: let’s crack open that other growler of Nova Scuti and talk about what we are offering this summer.

What’s coming to the Lineage Pub?

Belgian Beer: Hall Pass

Belgian Beer: Hall Pass

Abbey Single –  An Abbey single, aka Patersbier, is a table beer meant for monks to drink on daily basis.  Most Trappist breweries make one that is a lower alcohol version of their flagship beers.  For example, Chimay’s Abbey Single’ called Doree’ is a lower alcohol version of their Dubbel. Westmalles Abbey Single is a lower alcohol version of their tripel.  Lineage Brewing’s Hall Pass follows Chimays route by using a Dubbel as a blueprint, but using the Ardennes yeast strain instead of the Chimay strain.  It’s malty, slightly fruity and infinitely drinkable on a hot summer day. 

Belgian Beer: Nova Scuti

Belgian Beer: Nova Scuti

Belgian Blonde – A Belgian blonde is golden colored, has light spicy mixed with light fruity aromas, and is lower in alcohol and sweeter than a tripel. Our Nova Scuti uses pilsner and Munich malts and a small amount sugar to dry out the beer. We deviated slightly from the norm by adding a bunch of Australian Galaxy hops at flame out. The hop addition didn’t add bitterness but it did add some wonderful juicy tropical fruit notes that work well with our Ardennes yeast.

Belgian Tripel – The Belgian tripel was first created and popularized by Westmalle. It’s straw in color, high in alcohol (close to 10%), yet easy to drink due to the sugar added to lighten the body. The last beer in our summer Belgian series will be a traditional tripel with the exception that our yeast is different than what Westmalle uses. The beer is almost entirely Pilsner malt with sugar added to lighten the body and if the stars align should come in a little over 10% ABV.

Belgian Beer: Strunk & Witte

Belgian Beer: Strunk & Witte

Belgian Witbier- Who doesn’t love a good wheat beer with some citrus and coriander added to it?  Wit (or witte) was originally brewed in Hoegaarden and nearly disappeared until a postman named Pierre Celis brought it back from the grave. Belgian Witte is a hazy straw colored beer that has wonderful spicy yeast aromas/flavors mixed with citrus from either crushed coriander or citrus zest. Our version, Strunk & Witte, is relatively traditional, except that we use some acidulated malt to tart up the beer along with crushed coriander and the zest from oranges and lemons.  Look for it sometime in mid-August.

Belgian Beer: Allumé

Belgian Beer: Allumé

Saison- Last year we did a black saison called Ombres Noir and a more traditional Saison called Allumé. Ombres Noir was dark like a stout but had a nice floral/mineral quality derived from the yeast. These yeast flavors and aromas were then paired with black cardamom to add an alluring smokey-spicy quality to the beer. Allumé, our more traditional Saison, was straw in color, effervescent with the same floral/mineral quality found in Ombres Noir.

 

If you want to try out a few, come in for a sampler, or get a nice tall beer. These are thoroughly enjoyable after a hard day’s work or on a hot Ohio day. You don’t have to be in Belgium to appreciate what the Belgians have done for beer.

 

References

“BJCP Style Guidelines.” 2016. Beer Judge Certification Program.  http://www.bjcp.org/stylecenter.php.

Hieronymus, Stan. 2005. Brew like a monk: Trappist, Abbey and strong Belgian ales and how to brew them : culture and craftmanship in the Belgian tradition. Boulder, Colo: Brewers. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/474704435

“The History of Belgian Beer.” 2012. Global Beer. http://www.globalbeer.com/content/history-belgian-beer.

Markowski, Phil. 2004. Farmhouse ales culture and craftsmanship in the Belgian tradition. Boulder, Colo: Brewers Publications. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/689920626

Rajotte, Pierre. 1992. Belgian ale. Boulder, Colo: Brewers Publications.  http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/27187478